terex wet screen

Screening Equipment 101: Everything You Need to Know About This Machinery

You’ve been working in your industry for a few years now, and so far, you’ve gotten by with your current equipment and felt like that was giving you a good enough product. However, lately, you’ve been thinking about how much more precise your sizing could be if only you had a better understanding of what screening equipment can do and how to introduce it to your production.

The machine handling industry is a diverse place where each machine has a specific job to do. These machines often work together to produce the right product based on size and demand. In a vast market, it’s not always easy to understand each machine’s part in the bigger picture.

If you know what it takes to break material down into sellable products, you already understand that screening equipment is pivotal in that process. If you’ve never used screening equipment, maybe you are finally considering using it for your operation.

For the second part of our Equipment 101 series, we’ll explain how screening equipment works, where it fits into the machine handling process, and how we at Kemper Equipment can help. Read on for everything you need to know about screening equipment.

What is Screening Equipment?

Screening equipment is the machinery used during the mechanical screening processes, designed to separate one material from another. As the second part of the material handling process, screening equipment separates raw material from a crusher or quarry into even finer grades, coming closer to a satisfactory end product.

Depending on the application, screening equipment can stand alone. But when you pair screening equipment with a crusher, you create a full-circuit system. These systems work together to create a seamless material handling process. Although you can use screens without crushers, a full circuit system is the most effective way to mine and separate materials to create something sellable in the marketplace.

How Does Screening Equipment Work?

Full circuit or single screening equipment machines can be built flat or on an incline. Each device usually consists of an engine that creates the vibrations, screens that cause the particles to separate, and a catching area.

After assembly, the material is fed into the machine, moved over the screens, and separated with vibration. The separation process may be short, producing the desired end-product after just one run. But some screening processes are longer or more complicated, separating the materials into smaller and smaller particles after each run or at different points in the machine.

You may find that even heavy-duty aggregate screening equipment performs worse over time because of regular wear and tear, thanks to processing abrasive material like rock. Ideally, you want your screens to be able to sort products with as close to 100% accuracy as possible, which requires regular equipment maintenance and a consistent replacement schedule for the screens themselves.

Screening equipment must match the project to ensure it can stand up to the job and function in the right environment. There are two types of screens, totally dependent on the raw material. Wet screens utilize spray nozzles and water along with screen vibration in the sorting process, while dry screens use vibration only.

How is Screening Equipment Used?

Material handling is diverse, lending itself to many different applications. Because of this, screening machines are commonly used across multiple industries. Each application calls for a different type of screening machine. Some of the industries that use screening equipment are:

  • Mining
  • Aggregate Processing
  • Mineral Processing
  • Recycling
  • Farming & Agriculture

Although most screening equipment functions the same, each industry has its own use for these machines. Recycling plants might use screening equipment to separate trash and compost from recyclable materials like glass and plastic. On the other hand, a plant that processes demolition waste will likely use a different type of screening equipment.

The mining, aggregate, and mineral processing industries are the biggest users of screening equipment. This equipment is helpful in quarries and mines. After harvesting the raw material from the ground or passing it through a crusher, it’s fed through screening equipment to prepare it for selling. The equipment can help prepare rocks for paving, salt for winterizing the roads, lime for various industries, and so much more.

How Often Do Screens Need to Be Replaced?

Depending on your industry and what type of screening material you use, your screening equipment may require more replacements than others or vice versa. For example, suppose your screening equipment is intensely vibrating and sorting abrasive materials daily. In that case, you may expect to replace the screens more frequently than in an industry where these heavy-duty screens are not working as often.

Refer to the equipment manufacturer’s recommendations for your screen replacement timelines. If you have questions about when to replace your screening media, please contact Kemper Equipment. We can help you get on a regular maintenance schedule, so you never have to worry about when your screens need a replacement!

What Can Kemper Do for You?

You need help choosing the right type of screening equipment for your operation, and you deserve to work with the experts to rest assured that you’ve made the right choice.

Our committed teams recognize what you need for your project, and we will recommend what will work best for you. We won’t suggest something just to make a sale. We go further by considering your needs and helping to design a real solution.

We specialize in screening equipment solutions for a variety of production goals. Our main focus is on providing machines and systems for the mining and mineral processing industries. The systems we build help to achieve the end goal of various materials, like:

  • Stone
  • Sand & Gravel
  • Lime
  • Recycling
  • Fertilizer
  • Salt
  • Coal
  • Slag

Whether you need advice about a standalone screening machine, need to set up a portable screen plant, or want a full circuit crusher and screening system, Kemper will consult with you to find the right screening equipment for your job. We work to optimize plant flow and design systems for maximum efficiency. Our team even goes as far as installing and building the systems ourselves, making us a full-service material handling provider.