sandvik crusher

Crushing Equipment 101

Mining, aggregate and mineral processing, recycling, and other material handling plants usually need to reduce the size of their raw materials to create something sellable. Once their raw material is mined, harvested, or collected, it needs to be broken down into something closer to the end-product.

This is where crushing equipment comes in. Crushers are an important part of a full circuit material handling plant. They’re usually the first or second step, after the raw material arrives.

For the first installation of our Equipment 101 series, we’ll take a look at everything you need to know about crushing equipment. Kemper’s experienced team knows what it takes to turn raw material to a profitable product. Read on to learn more about how crushing equipment fits into material handling, and how Kemper can help:

What is Crushing Equipment?

In the simplest terms, crushing equipment is used to reduce the size of material into much smaller pieces. These are heavy pieces of machinery, usually part of a material handling system or plant. A rock crusher uses significant force to impact materials to the point of breaking or separating.

Most crushing equipment is designed with heavy plates or jaws used to apply pressure to whatever material have been fed into the chamber. Crushers can be smaller and portable, but are usually built into a full circuit material handling system. You’ll find equipment like conveyors, crushers, and screening machines at most rock quarry or mineral processing operations. These systems tend to work together to break raw material into marketable products.

How Does Crushing Equipment Work?

Chambers with heavy, durable plates or jaws are the main components of most crushing equipment. After raw material is fed into the crusher, the plates come together to reduce the size. These heavy-duty plates move both up and down, creating enough force and pressure to reduce the size of the material significantly.

Some plants use multiple crushers to reduce the size of their raw materials. Not all crushers can handle large pieces, so a heavy-duty crusher is the first part of the material handling circuit. Jaw crushers can handle really large pieces. They’re used to break those large pieces into something more manageable for the smaller crushers.

If a jaw crusher is necessary, the reduced material is then fed into a finer crusher by a conveyor belt. After the secondary crusher reduces the material even more, it’s moved to a screening machine by another belt. The material needs to be broken into manageable pieces before it reaches the screening equipment, making crushers a vital component of production.

How is Crushing Equipment Used?

Crushing equipment is one of the very first steps for a variety of material handling plants, productions, and jobs. Each job starts with a different material, calling for a different type of crusher. Most crushers function in a similar fashion, but the end products are used for many different applications. Here are just a few industries that use crushers:

  • Mining
  • Rock Quarries
  • Mineral Processing
  • Recycling

The mining and quarrying industry is one of the largest users of crushing equipment. Raw material is blasted or harvest from deep underground. For these materials to be profitable, they have to go through an extensive material handling system. The material is moved from the mine, fed into a crusher, than screened to separate the particles. Crushing equipment works hand-in-hand with all of the other machines to produce an end-product – like gravel for roads, salt for winterizing, and more.

The recycling industry also uses crushers to break down glass bottles and containers. After the glass is loaded into a special crusher, it’s crushed into raw material. It’s then melted down and repurposed into recycled glass containers, just for the process to being all over again!

What Does Kemper Do?

Kemper’s team has over 30 years of experience in the material handling industry. Each crusher plays a different role in a job. It’s important to make sure the best crusher is used to create the desired end product. Kemper supplies and installs various types of crushers, including:

  • Cone Crushers
  • Jaw Crushers
  • Split Feed Crushers
  • Glass Crushers
  • Gyratory Crushers
  • Horizontal and Vertical Impactors
  • Stone Crushers

Our team doesn’t stop and recommending and installing the crusher you choose. We go further by consulting, planning, and designing full circuit systems. Kemper is a full-service material handling supplier capable of designing, building, and even repairing your entire system.